1. Abaca

    Abaca (Musa textilis) is a tree-like herb resembling the banana in appearance. The leaves of abaca...
  2. Buri palm

    Buri (Corypha elata) is the largest palm endemic in the Philippines. It is one of the...
  3. Coco coir

    Coco coir or the coconut fiber comes from the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera), basically from the...
  4. Coconut palm

    Coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) is abundant anywhere in the Philippines at any time of the year....
  5. Coconut shell

    Coconut shell is a material from the fruit of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera). The shell...
  6. Cogon grass

    Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica), also called silver hair grass or sword grass, belongs to the sweet grasses...
  7. Giant Bamboo

    Giant bamboo (Dendrocalamus asper) belongs to the family of sweet grasses. It is one of the...
  8. Gmelina

    Gmelina (Gmelina arborea) is a fast growing plant, which grows on different localities and prefers moist...
  9. Lampakanay

    Lampakanay (Typha orientalis) is widely distributed all over the Philippine archipelago. It is abundant in low...
  10. Raffia

    Raffia comes from the young shoot or leaf of the buri palm. Two qualities of Raffia...
  11. Rattan

    Rattan (Calamus javensis), is a climbing vine abundant specifically in the southern part of the Philippines....
  12. Water hyacinth

    Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) is a free-floating perennial aquatic plant endemic to tropical and sub-tropical areas. With...

Rattan

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Rattan (Calamus javensis), is a climbing vine abundant specifically in the southern part of the Philippines. It is ready for harvesting by the 15th year when the stems average 24-30 meters in length. Thereafter, selective cutting of the matured canes may be done at a 3-4 year interval. The canes of the subsequent harvest are of better quality than those from the previous harvests. Harvesting is usually done in the dry season involving forest communities where the plant abundantly grows and is grown. Newly harvested canes are immediately brought to the treating depot before they are dried and processed to minimize discoloration by staining fungi. Like wood, rattan can easily be given whatever color products made out of it require. Its natural color can also be retained. There is a very strong relationship between the rattan plant and the rainforest. As a climbing vine, it needs the large forest trees as support for it to reach the sun. Harvesting the fast-growing rattan cane is a better economic alternative to loggers who profit from harvesting timber. Rattan plantations in rainforest areas also support forest maintenance as they provide settlers with alternative livelihood by planting and harvesting. A sustainable application of rattan to product design provides not only ecological, but economic and social benefits as well.