1. Abaca

    Abaca (Musa textilis) is a tree-like herb resembling the banana in appearance. The leaves of abaca...
  2. Buri palm

    Buri (Corypha elata) is the largest palm endemic in the Philippines. It is one of the...
  3. Coco coir

    Coco coir or the coconut fiber comes from the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera), basically from the...
  4. Coconut palm

    Coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) is abundant anywhere in the Philippines at any time of the year....
  5. Coconut shell

    Coconut shell is a material from the fruit of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera). The shell...
  6. Cogon grass

    Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica), also called silver hair grass or sword grass, belongs to the sweet grasses...
  7. Giant Bamboo

    Giant bamboo (Dendrocalamus asper) belongs to the family of sweet grasses. It is one of the...
  8. Gmelina

    Gmelina (Gmelina arborea) is a fast growing plant, which grows on different localities and prefers moist...
  9. Lampakanay

    Lampakanay (Typha orientalis) is widely distributed all over the Philippine archipelago. It is abundant in low...
  10. Raffia

    Raffia comes from the young shoot or leaf of the buri palm. Two qualities of Raffia...
  11. Rattan

    Rattan (Calamus javensis), is a climbing vine abundant specifically in the southern part of the Philippines....
  12. Water hyacinth

    Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) is a free-floating perennial aquatic plant endemic to tropical and sub-tropical areas. With...

Gmelina

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Gmelina (Gmelina arborea) is a fast growing plant, which grows on different localities and prefers moist fertile valleys. The tree is widely planted throughout the Philippines. It is named after the German Botaniker Gmelin (1709 – 1755). Gmelina plantations started in the provinces of Cebu and Nueva Vizcaya and other plantations followed in Mindanao and Luzon. With good growth conditions, some trees reach a height of 3 meters after one year, and 20 meters after 5 years. Gmelina wood is one of the most versatile timbers of the tropics. The timber is easy to work with hand and machine tools. The wood is soft and light compared to hardwood. Its color is pale yellow to cream and turns yellowish brown upon exposure. It is also soft to moderately hard and light to moderate heavy. Its texture is usually straight to irregular or rarely wavy grained and medium course. The economic uses of the Gmelina is for pulpwood production, carpentry, furniture components,musical instruments, boat decking, plywood and fuelwood.