1. Abaca

    Abaca (Musa textilis) is a tree-like herb resembling the banana in appearance. The leaves of abaca...
  2. Buri palm

    Buri (Corypha elata) is the largest palm endemic in the Philippines. It is one of the...
  3. Coco coir

    Coco coir or the coconut fiber comes from the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera), basically from the...
  4. Coconut palm

    Coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) is abundant anywhere in the Philippines at any time of the year....
  5. Coconut shell

    Coconut shell is a material from the fruit of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera). The shell...
  6. Cogon grass

    Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica), also called silver hair grass or sword grass, belongs to the sweet grasses...
  7. Giant Bamboo

    Giant bamboo (Dendrocalamus asper) belongs to the family of sweet grasses. It is one of the...
  8. Gmelina

    Gmelina (Gmelina arborea) is a fast growing plant, which grows on different localities and prefers moist...
  9. Lampakanay

    Lampakanay (Typha orientalis) is widely distributed all over the Philippine archipelago. It is abundant in low...
  10. Raffia

    Raffia comes from the young shoot or leaf of the buri palm. Two qualities of Raffia...
  11. Rattan

    Rattan (Calamus javensis), is a climbing vine abundant specifically in the southern part of the Philippines....
  12. Water hyacinth

    Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) is a free-floating perennial aquatic plant endemic to tropical and sub-tropical areas. With...

Coconut palm

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Coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) is abundant anywhere in the Philippines at any time of the year. It is a large palm, growing up to 30 meters; its feather-like leaves with multi-divided features are 4-6 meters long, and its pinnae 60-90 centimeters long. Old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth. On a very fertile land, a coconut palm can yield up to 75 fruits per year. Cocos nucifera is generally classified into two types: tall and dwarf. The outer area of its stem is the hardest part of the plant. Its long hard body is the coco wood or coco lumber, which can be extracting using machines like chainsaw and a simple saw. The wood is uniformly wet and approaches saturation throughout the whole trunk. Variations in moisture content are dependent on variations in density. Practically all parts of the coconut palm – roots, bark, trunk, leaves, fruit – are used for commercial purposes. Communities, especially in the rural areas, participate in the gathering and processing of coco materials used and applied in products.